La reina del sur Books by Arturo Pérez-Reverte. The phone rang and she knew they were going to kill her is how this action-filled best-selling novel starts. [PDF] LA REINA DEL SUR. LA REINA DEL SUR. Book Review. This pdf is indeed gripping and exciting. It is writter in easy words and phrases and not confusing. [PDF] LA REINA DEL SUR. LA REINA DEL SUR. Book Review. Absolutely essential go through publication. I am quite late in start reading this one, but better.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Sign up for free]|
Get Instant Access to La Reina Del Sur By Arturo Perez Reverte # bd09f2 EBOOK. EPUB KINDLE PDF. Read Download Online La. Get Instant Access to La Reina Del Sur By Arturo Perez Reverte # bd09f2 EBOOK EPUB KINDLE. PDF. Read Download Online La. jinsmillmatchblesob.cf - Webnode. jinsmillmatchblesob.cfa Views. 5 years ago. Teresa, · Dijo, · Ahora, · Luego, · Nunca, · Pati, · Santiago, · Cosas.
Thus, Spanish-language television in a non-Spanish speaking country, is what this paper examines, specifically the functions and developments of Spanish-language fictional programming, telenovelas, through Telemundo Network; specifically the most recent, and highest rated, production, La Reina del Sur. The visibility that Telemundo gained with this production alone explains a conceptual signifier for the Latino market, involving Mexican actress Kate del Castillo, a narrative that was about narcotics, and an exploration of different countries all within one telenovela.
To help shape this analysis, 6-specific episodes will help elucidate how Latinidad is commodified through gender nuances and a wide range of cultural structures. While there is more to be said about this telenovela, it is crucial to understand that within the U.
Census, The structure of this work will navigate through the question of how telenovelas tap into the relationship between corporate sponsorship, culture, and politics in the shaping of Latinidad, and how it effects the beliefs of belonging and cultural citizenship that are attached to public life.
The goal of this research is to elucidate on the functionality of the discourses developed to create a marketable pan-Latino society in The Commodification of U. I begin this work with a brief exploration of my own story, as a Latina, attached to a discourse about my family of how and why they crossed the U. Secondly, I provide a literature review to give shape to the analysis of this work, giving it a framework to establish the definition s and complexities of Latinidad.
Thirdly, I examine the 7 National Hispanic Broadcast Networks as they provide insight of the functionality of the industry as a whole. Latino immigrants.
On the other hand, these narratives problematize again and again the female protagonist, which can be either a whore or a saint. The 6-episodes chosen speak to how these ideologies continue to be reproduced, and continue to remain popular amongst U. Latino audiences. The globalization of deregulated media markets, and advertising dollars geared towards Latinos has been at a steady increase.
Aimed at reaching 80 percent of U. Latino audiences by the end of the year, have only come under contract with Nielsen ratings as of October Vega, NYTimes. Back in , Vme also came into the U. Latino media market with big goals and aspirations and in contract with Nielsen The Commodification of U.
Latinidad 6 ratings at the beginning of Vmetv. For two different broadcast networks to gain national status by Nielsen in Spanish-language broadcast television during the same year is notable. But it has not been the only thing happening within the industry. Other long-time networks have rebranded their names and inserted new tag lines.
Telemundo, having celebrated their 25th anniversary in December of , has rebranded and created a new logo. Univision, on the other hand, the number one rated network in the U. Telemundo has held the number two spot for quite some time.
On another note, even clearer is the fact that television is changing both nationally and globally. The growing Latino population has enabled more ad spending, more original programming hours, and large media conglomerates trying to get a piece of the Latino revenue. I position this work with other similar studies that focus their attention to the creation and shaping of U.
Latinidad via marketing efforts and fictional programming. Latinidad 7 millions of dollars in the production of original programming. Location It is known that the media portrays culture-specific characteristics, such as gender, race, ethnicity, to help in feeding and maintaining cultural and social identities Chin , 4.
Latinindad thus, created and maintained through media giants, deserves more attention in the unveiling of the battles between the creative and the clients stepping into a market that they do not understand. One must note that without advertisers, a production is slated from air. Productions are only as good as the money they produce through product integrations and commercial spot times sold.
Thus, productions must be relevant to U. Mexican-Americans, being the biggest Latino population, continuously build their identities with that of a bi-cultural, cross-border, bilingual environment. Whether living in the U. My story, and that of my families, highlights the bi-cultureness, The Commodification of U.
Latinidad 8 bilingualness, and border crossing that many endure on a daily basis. I would like to take the time to tell my story and the story of my family, as I am a first generation Latina.
And as my story, there are many others that are never told. The Making of a People Growing up by the U. The border, to me, meant waiting in line for a couple of hours, downloading candy, listening to my dad grow even more impatient with every passing minute.
Recently, I made note of a term used to signal the act of border crossing: para el otro lado to the other side.
And although this term is mainly used to signal crossing the border from Mexico into the U. The amnesty of allowed nearly 1. Among those immigrants favored by the amnesty, were my family members applying for permanent residency also. Twenty-six years have passed since the Immigration Reform and Control Act, and the argument about immigration reform continues to be highly contested on Capitol Hill.
This unique population carries not only their own culture, but also their language para el otro lado, changing the normative practices of marketing and 1 First person to be born on U.
The Commodification of U. Latinidad 9 television programming. A first in history, since the Pew Research Center shows that between , births and new immigrants were equal.
Our culture and language is also evolving into something new. Something different. Something that intertwines our past and present; two different countries an cultures have become our present reality. The U. Census reported that from Today, on Capitol Hill, not only is 2 Through the body of this paper, the term Latino will be exercised, versus the term Hispanic.
This is due to the fact that the presence of Latin America within the U. Citizenship in the near future. For most of my aunts and uncles who are permanent residents, having their kids al otro lado of the Mexican border, was not due to securing their own U.
Most of my cousins are U. Some have eventually migrated back to the U. But there is a disparity between our consumer behaviors that sets us my cousins and I apart from each other.
In terms of acculturation processes, merging our two cultures due to prolonged exposure changes our notion of citizenship and Mexican-Americaness. Our upbringing varies on the amount of interaction with el otro lado-America, speaking English, and our liking to American brands and programming.
Where is the happy medium for us betwixt and between our Latin American roots and our new home, America? Literature Review The Commodification of U. Furthermore, Latinidad, is a complex engagement between race and ethnicity, which must be explored further by political, cultural, and social processes of racialization.
And thus, no one definition of Latinidad will suffice, but research within the field, helps to better understand particular notions portrayed through mediated fictional texts and how those texts influence a global understanding of the Latino culture.
The increased relevance of Telemundo, as a main producer of televisual U. Latinidad should be further explored due in part to how they produce, and create Latinidad that allows advertisers to integrate their products within the telenovela, but also how advertisers are compelled to download commercial spots in a market that they have a never advertised in and b nor fully understand.
Telemundo account executives sell The Commodification of U. Latinidad 12 advertisers a package. A package that includes guaranteed expressions people watching their commercials.
Telemundo network, now under full support of Comcast Corp. The highest rated and most successful production to date is La Reina del Sur, and this essay will focus on how functional the story of Teresa Mendoza was, and how it was fully embraced by U. One component of the Latino market is how audiences respond to Latinidad in the media. Jillian M. The bright colors, the male Latin lovers, the spitfire Latina has created an exoticizing effect to Latinidad.
And on top of creating a contemporary and spitfire The Commodification of U. Latinidad 13 Latina to be marketable, there needs to also be some degree of authenticity. As stated before, acculturation processes, the absorption of culture after prolonged exposure, for Latinos vary.
The amount of years lived in the U. Latinidad 14 productions all factor in. While million Spanish-dominant U. Hispanic market, and their efforts continue in the direction of reaching the top position within the U. Those efforts are maximized with 3 different production studios, not only locally in Miami, but also across the Americas, including Mexico, and Colombia. Media productions, in particular and the most watched genre, telenovelas, are main creators of a commodified Latinidad.
Molina-Guzman focuses her attention to pointing out that despise the non-agreement of who Frida The Commodification of U. She argues through a political-economy perspective and gives examples of how exactly the U. At the center is the idea that authentic discourses about Latinos, whether it be about their culture, gender, or race, there is profitability at the commercial level.
Thus, advertising dollars makes the Latino media world go-round-and-round. In addition to the scholars mentioned above, I would like to also draw attention to the importance of studying telenovelas.
While other scholars focus their attention on how The Commodification of U. Lopez Both of these scholars focus their attention on telenovelas, and their transcultural elements regardless of language. As Robert C. The telenovela then becomes a perfect, consumerable channel that connects corporate sponsorship, culture, and citizenship. Telenovela producers exploit our cultures scary stories, legends, and tales of mystery, and attach them to a family plot, while additionally creating a centralized love story between two hopeless individuals.
And as the years continue to pass, telenovelas are increasingly sophisticated, due to bigger production budgets as they generate a solid capital base. There is more to the telenovela as described here, and the analysis will help in elucidating how audiences all across the Americas identify with telenovelas. But before doing delving any further, a brief synopsis of the current U.
Spanish-language industry will compliment the over all analysis of this work. Vme and MundoFox are the most recent contenders. Additionally, all new content will come from RCN Colombia; in recent years, South American countries such as Colombia and Venezuela have become key producers of original programming for U. Spanish-language networks. Between the seven, as mentioned before, Univision claims top ratings, and has done so for decades.
Telemundo comes in at second place, but notably so, as they are the main producers of U. Spanish-language fictional programming. As previously mentioned, in-house productions allows U. In certain instances, Telemundo has been labeled the second most important producer of Spanish-language television in the world, and now reaches across borders throughout Latin America AdWeek. Telemundo, not only have they been at a steady The Commodification of U. Latinidad 19 increase, but they are, as mentioned, the main U.
Telenovelas today can no longer be just about love in the countryside of rural Mexico. Instead they have to be relevant and representative of what Latinos experience living in the U.
The Mexican border from my home in San Diego is approximately a minute drive down the California Interstate For me, most broadcast television that was watched in my home was in Spanish, which included Televisa, and Galavision. Unlike their English-language soap operas, telenovelas have a variance among the amount of episodes and time length, but they are mainly streamed during prime time and have common themes about love, family, and others, which for cataloging purposes, fall under the genre of romance.
Additionally, telenovelas are not only marketed to women, they are marketed to the entire family. As was the case with La Reina del Sur in my own home, my father, mother, and even year-old brother watched it from beginning to end. From the characters, to story lines, one finds some relation to the telenovela, whether it happened to someone who knows someone, or the next store neighbor.
Latinidad 20 ratings; with no ratings, there is no revenue. Knowing your audience, will aid in the creation of a successful telenovela, bearing in mind that Latinos are not predicted to become part of the melting pot, in which immigrants discard their culture and mix-in Nielsen Company Research, Televisa telenovelas have been ruling the fictional programming spectrum for decades.
They have their production strategies down to a science.
In the case of Telemundo, creating telenovelas with other networks across the Americas has proven successful. This has proven successful with certain telenovelas, but in other instances, backfired. Latinidad 21 signifiers of race, culture, and class.
The Latino market continues to grow exponentially, everyday. Back to the beginning of U. The Spanish-language television industry has been, and continues to be, the most active ingredient in shaping an audience for advertisers. It was also in when Reliance Capital, a Wall Street investment firm, began downloading different stations across the states. Latinidad 22 Telemundo Network. It was in that the battle for the number one position in the market began with Univision and Telemundo. Televisa maintained a piece of the industry through their long-time domination of the Mexican telenovela; Televisa telenovelas continue to be highly solicited and carry high ratings for Univision every year, usually filling primetime slots through the entire Univision programming grids.
As their relationship continues to grows, it has not always been sunshine and rainbows between the two powerhouses. The original agreement between them, never gave Univision rights to rebroadcast full episodes on different platforms. This gives Televisa some ground in the U. Latinidad 23 One must understand the construction and popularity of telenovelas. Specifically on the 8 productions outlined, they varied in the amount of episodes, and plots, but the majority of them were scheduled during prime time.
This is true with La Reina del Sur as all of those themes, make-up the telenovela. In addition, considering the plurality of the Latino population, it seems only smart that advertising agencies are thinking about the possibility of the big consumer opportunities, especially with research all pointing in the direction of the market moving towards Latinos as being the key to their success in the upcoming years.
As for the telenovela audience, there is something particular about its continual and strong presence in the Latin America region. Kenton T. But why? There is a common element between Latin America countries, which is language and culture; the two dominant languages are Spanish and Portuguese. There are shared grammatical structures, cognates, as well as other linguistic structures.
Wilkinson shares that the linguistic similarities in combination of shared political, economic, and cultural elements thus creates a cultural-linguistic market. But there are other elements that one should consider The Commodification of U. Latinidad 24 also. Antonio C. La Pastina and Joseph D. It is through these changes, the re construction and re shaping of the U. Latino media industry, English-language networks are still struggling to appeal to this particular audience, while relying heavily on their all Spanish-language sister networks to acquire new, and retain current audiences.
It is through cable, that one can see other channels striving to get the Latino consumer. Through cable, 3-networks go back and forth with ratings: Galavision, Discovery, and mun2. As mentioned previously, both Telemundo network and mun2 are now part of the NBCUniversal family, and Telemundo continues on the rise, while in July they reported their best July in network history Telemundomediakit.
Telemundo network has shown consistent increase in relevance with its Spanish speaking audiences, while being the number one producer of Spanish-language The Commodification of U. Latinidad 25 programming in the U. Telemundo is at the top of original productions of Spanish-language content, and aspires to up its original programming schedule by 40 percent in this upcoming season, It is still to be determined what they will present for this upcoming Upfront season in The Hispanic population maintains its rising downloading power rhythm.
English-language networks are still currently playing catch-up, even though Spanish- language media has shown success and consistent growth every year. Tanzina Vega and Bill Carter explain that despite the popularity of certain English- language mainstream television series, such as Modern Family, starring Sofia Vergara, a widely recognized Latina actress through the Americas, still does not appeal to the U.
Latino population August Univision, on the one hand, being the number one in ratings within the U. Mexico is the largest Spanish speaking country and has been recognized as a top producer of fictional programming, as well as a pioneer of Spanish-language media in the U. Although production of Spanish-language programming within the U. Colonia Las Quintas: amplias avenidas, casas discretas y confortables con buganvillas y buenos coches estacionados delante.
De su disparo. Con cremita. O muerta. Aunque siempre es preferible eso a que te lleven viva al desierto, y con un soplete de acetileno y mucha paciencia te hagan preguntas. Porque lo malo de las preguntas no es que conozcas las respuestas -en ese caso el alivio llega pronto-, sino que no las conozcas. El problema. No era culebra ni madrina. A los de San Antonio, galleaba, nos gusta rifarnos el cuero. Era de los bocones. Y si vienen chuecas, que luego te pongan en narcocorridos los Tigres o los Tucanes de Tijuana y los canten en las cantinas y en las radios de los autos.
Ni modo. Por tu bien ni la mires,'prietita. Ni la mires. Se puso los zapatos.
Otra vez la incomodaron los tacones. Y lo maldijo por eso, en sus adentros.
Tuvo que detenerse y entrar a toda prisa en un portal para vomitar un chorro de jugo de nopal. Y esa vez, comiendo escamoles y tacos de pollo en el San Angel Inn, me propuso el asunto.
Un pinche reportaje literario. De diferentes calibres, manejo las metralletas Que pudiera identificarla. O a ellos. Reconocerlo con tiempo suficiente, advirtiendo el peligro en su mirada. O en su sonrisa. El cielo estaba en plena atardecida, naranja intenso sobre los edificios, a poniente, y los escaparates empezaban a iluminar las aceras. Ni te secuestran. Que fueron muchos balazos pa' una hora tan temprana.